TO N, P AND K FERTILIZATION IN THE NORTH OF OAXACA, MEXICO – A CASE STUDY. The response to NPK fertilization of six-year-old litchi trees, cultivar. Index terms Air layering; Litchi chinensis Sonn; propagation. Resumo Agriculture Tecnica in Mexico, México, v n, p. , TO N, P AND K FERTILIZATION IN THE NORTH OF OAXACA, MEXICO – A CASE _5 AN OVERVIEW OF LITCHI (LITCHI CHINENSIS) PRODUCTION BY.
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Lychees also require a climate with high summer heat, rainfall, and humidity.
The young plants should also be protected from sun-burning with shading net. Abutiate and Nakasone showed that the rate of cambial growth of the stock was an important factor in the degree of success in grafting lychee in Hawaii. Criteria for selection of mother plants for air layering Selected mother plants for air layering should be young preferably below 15 years of agevigorous and healthy. Effect of growth regulators and boric acid on lychee cuttings. In practice, collecting bud sticks can be done as a means to thin dense shoots and will not affect the productivity of the source trees.
The presence or incorporation of organic matter to the substrata and the use of mycorrhiza is good for litchi propagation favouring root development as well as growth of the aerial part of the plant, but if mycorrhiza is used phosphoric fertilizers should not be applied to the propagation media.
Flora del Noroeste dé México – Litchi chinensis
Plants must be free from any insect traces mainly bark drillers and from diseases. Earlier studies had incorrectly concluded that transmission may occur from direct contact with lychees contaminated by bat salivaurine, or guano or with other vectorssuch as insects found in lychee trees or sand fliesas in the case of Chandipura virus. The first criterion for selection of rootstocks is the compatibility of the rootstock with the target cultivars.
Litchi Litchi chinensis Sonn propagation. The incorporation of microelements is in general also appropriate for litchi propagation to avoid carential situations. Fourth, grafting as a method of propagation makes use of seedlings as rootstock. It has a trend to produce low branches and litchi branches tend also to form V-shaped crosses, easily broken by wind, which makes appropriate training and pruning very important for this species.
The outside of the fruit is pink-red, roughly textured and inedible, covering sweet flesh eaten in many different dessert dishes. Acta HorticulturaeThe Hague, v. Florida State Horticultural Society, The fleshy, edible portion of the fruit is an arilsurrounding one dark brown inedible seed that is 1 to 3. In Brazil, cuttings taken from terminal shoots of year-old plants in Litcih exhibited 72 per cent survival Leonel et al.
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The raw sphagnum moss should be washed litcni tap water to remove excess of salts and kept in basket filled with water for hydration before use and the excess of water removed just by hand compression.
This will also serve as protection against pests and diseases.
After grafting, the conjunction and the budstick must be well protected with soft polyethylene film or parafilm. Moreover, production of air layers are at the expense of reduced productivity of source trees in the next seasons, because these branches are finally removed, reducing foliage area for fruit set.
Lychee – Wikipedia
This is best done by providing bottom heat from thermostatically controlled electric heating cables or hot water pipes under the rooting frames. On single branch system, the crown is removed 60 to 80 cm above the rooted ball and potted. If pine barks are included in the substrate, it is advised to check the mixture pH regularly, as it may decrease. The same NPK fertilization can be used in the case of fertigation but always taking care of not increasing much the electrical conductivity.
The litci in Hawaii. Indian Journal of HorticultureNew York, liychi. The propagation site must have on its proximity an independent place for storage of propagation substrata and preparation of mixtures close to the propagation general structure. Second, grafting has a higher propagation coefficient than air-layering or cutting.
Flowers grow on a terminal inflorescence with many panicles on the current season’s growth. Toamasina, Republic of de Madagascar.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. However, whip grafting is useful when the stem diameters of the budwood and rootstock are similar so that perfect contact of their cambium tissue will be ensured. Budwoods are cut into cm sticks with buds and a sharp and clean downward basipetal angled cut is made through the internodes on the budstick.