Publishing platform for digital magazines, interactive publications and online catalogs. Convert documents to beautiful publications and share them worldwide. New York: Columbia University Press. Kant, I. (). Intemeierea metafizicii moravurilor. Critica ratiunii practice [The Foundation of the Metaphysics of Morals . Metaphysik der Sitten (Întemeierea metafizicii moravurilor, trad. rom. Humanitas, ) – , Kritik der praktischen Vernunft (Critica raţiunii practice) –

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Immanuel Kant — was a German philosopher. He argued that human concepts and categories structure our view of the world and its laws, and that reason is the source of morality.

His thought continues to have an influence in contemporary thought, especially in fields such as metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy, and aesthetics. His father was a master saddler of very modest means, his mother a woman without education but with considerable native intelligence.

According to Kant’s own account, his grandfather was an immigrant from Scotland. After that he served as a tutor in several aristocratic families in different parts of East Prussia, earning a very modest income. He continued in this position for fifteen years, lecturing in several natural sciences, in mathematics, and in philosophy. Kant’s first publication on a topic in Leibnizian physics appeared inwhen he was still a student. For the next fifteen years, most of his writings were in the natural sciences, but some were in philosophy.

Two of these philosophical works were roughly in the philosophy of religion the more important of these is The Only Possible Basis of Proof for Demonstrating the Existence of God; another was the Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime, Kant’s only publication, apart from the Critique of Judgmentthat touches on aesthetics. It discusses the subject from the point of view of social psychology; not untit a few years before publication of the third Critique did Kant believe that an aesthetic judgment about the beautiful or sublime had validity for persons other than the subject making it.


The Inaugural Dissertation of which was written in LatinOn the Form and Principles of the Sensible and Intelligible Worldmarks the beginning of Kant’s so-called “critical period” as distinguished from the “precritical period”because here for the first time Kant treats space and time as he does in the first Critique: Kant does not yet assign such a contributory role to any concepts. By then Kant’s publications had already won him a considerable reputation in learned circles in Germany; and the publication of Kant’s most important work, the Critique of Pure Reasonwas eagerly anticipated.

It took Kant about a decade to complete the work. When it finally appeared, init was met with enthusiasm by some, by others with consternation.

Kant rewrote portions of the work for the second edition, of ; but first he published, inthe Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysicsa greatly simplified and shortened restatement of the main positions and arguments of moravurilir first Critique. Kant reversed this procedure in publishing his practical philosophy: Between the two, inappeared the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science.

Munteanu Laura –

The third Critiquethe Critique of Judgmentwas published in An essay pertaining to teleology, On Using Teleological Principles in Philosophyhad appeared inbut teleology as well as theology were of great concern to Kant throughout his life and are discussed in many of his works, in some extensively.

While Kant was preparing the third Critique for publication, he wrote late in or early in an introduction, which later he decided was too long.

He replaced it with a shorter introduction, and this was published with the first edition, with the second edition ofand with later editions as well as translations ever since.

The First Moravkrilor was not published in its entirety untilwhen it appeared in the Cassirer edition vol.



In the following year, the Prussian authorities informed Kant that the king, Frederick William II, had been displeased for some time with Kant’s teachings metfaizicii writings on religion, which the authorities found too rationalistic and unorthodox.

Kant was ordered to desist from disseminating his views on the subject, and he did not return to it until the king died in Kant’s style in these many works varies greatly. But the breadth of Kant’s interests and learning, intellectual and cultural generally, is evident throughout his morzvurilor.

But some persons, persons who knew him, described him as sprightly even as an old manas witty, metfaizicii, and entertaining, even in his lectures. He had a circle of friends, with whom he dined regularly. Physically, he was never robust. Just over five feet tall and hollow-chested, he was able to avoid major illnesses until his final years.

Although Kant was greatly interested in the rest of the world he greeted the French Revolution with enthusiasm and listened to and read with eagerness the accounts of other people’s journeyshe himself never traveled outside East Prussia. Engraving by unknown artist, c Retrieved from ” https: Navigation menu Personal tools Create account Log in.

Views Read Edit History. This page was last modified on 2 Octoberat This page has been accessed 32, times. The content is available under fair use. Privacy policy About Monoskop Disclaimers. The works are in German unless noted. The links following respective editions point to their online versions; where no file format is specified abbreviations stand for digital archives.

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