Results 1 – 16 of 17 A Remedial English Grammar For Foreign Students. 1 January . An Outline History of the English Language. 21 September history and geography. For example, the fact that the English language (or its ancestor) was carried from the continent to the British Isles in the fifth century AD . Buy An Outline History of the English Language by Frederick PDF Online . ISBN from Laxmi Publications. Download Free Sample and.

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These came in to fill what would otherwise be gaps.

An Outline History Of The English Language by Frederick T. Wood

The final conversion of the Anglian king- doms, however, was made by Scotch missionaries from the Irish monastery of lona. The long vowels of Old English were a as in languaye, ai as in care, e as in they, I as in machine, 6 as in no, u as in doom, y as German ii of griin, ‘ green. So causeway, frontispiece, penthouse, pickax, have been similarly modified in their last elements by way, piece, house, ax.

F.t.wooc poet Cynewulf used the runes for his name in some of his poems, thus indicating their authorship. Analogy affects words in relation to meaning and use.

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The Roman alphabet was insufficient for the sounds of the language, but quantity was neglected, except as it was sometimes indicated by doubling a vowel or by accent.

Robert of Gloucester’s Chronicle has been mentioned. Close union with France, when England and France were at war, had also its special in- fluence on Scotch. Note the retention of OE. Owing to the first, most nouns and adjectives of two sylla- bles have become monosyllables. The full explana- tion of these belongs to a more elaborate treatise. This represents a less rapid development of that form of English intro- duced at the Cromwellian conquest. This lack the great literary critic, Samuel Johnson, undertook to supply.


The significant alterations of each period may be briefly summarized. By this change the former Norman rule gave place, for more than half a century, to Angevin kingship. In order to understand these alterations in speech we must consider briefly two kinds of changes. In the preface to his Eneydos he exclaims, “We Englishmen be born under the domination of the moon, which is never steadfast but ever wavering.

Such loyalty depended on the growing union of the races and the disappearance of race hatred. Analogy sometimes changes words so that they seem to have a relation to others with which they have no real connection. It was seen that English had changed somewhat, even hi the modern period.

Meanwhile, English lost its literary position in the troublesome eleventh century. Other examples of similar humor are found in Sheridan’s Mrs. This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers.

In the Elizabethan age, Rome was pronounced like room, as shown by the well-known pun in Julius Ccesar. Analogy has also affected other unstressed parts of many words. This was especially true of Anglian English, which was to gain new impor- tance in the new period.

There is the Cursor Mundi, a verse history of the world ; the Surtees Psalter, and the religious writings of Richard Rolle. The same thing has happened in other cases, and the confusion between spelling and pronunciation has thus been increased.


The language of government and law became different in many particulars. Such changes have brought about a significant shortening of most classes of words. The prefix a- in abide, arise has been extended to arouse, accurse. lqnguage

In two respects, not yet mentioned, British and American English differ more or less. Thanks for telling us about the problem.

G was used for consonantal y, for g in get and got, and for sounds like ch and g in Ger- man ach, sagen. Webster broke away from John- son and Walker in the spelling of certain classes of words. A middle ground between the two was finally taken in practice.

In Old Eng- lish, compounds were regularly written as one word.

Northern continued to be used only as a Scottish literary language, of which we shall take account in another place. The Saxons gave their name f.t.aood the dialect which they used. By the opposite analogy, foreign names, f.g.wood fully anglicized, have sometimes been made to con- form to foreign models. Most such changes belong to Old or Middle English, but the last two are modern examples. An f became m, as in woman, originally wif wife man.