Synonyms: Lecythis bracteata, Barringtonia couroupita, Barringtonia pedicellaris There are two individuals of Couroupita guianensis listed as Heritage Trees. Major Threat(s): The habitat of this species has declined widely because of clearing for settlement, timber and agriculture, resulting in populations becoming . Couroupita guianensis, commonly known as cannonball tree, is a soft-wooded, deciduous tropical tree of the Brazil nut family that typically matures to ‘.

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Silhouette of the tree Photograph by: The leaves, which occur in clusters at the ends of branches, are usually 8 to 31 centimeters 3 to 12 inches long, but can reach lengths of up to 57 centimeters 22 inches. The pollinators must work their way couroupta the two areas of stamens as they gather the pollen. Readable yet also very detailed.

Publisher Weinheim Year ISBN – Description An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Berg Couroupita saintcroixiana R. When the fruits fall to the ground, the hard, woody shell usually gulanensis open, exposing the pulp and seeds.


Couroupita guianensis

Winter hardy to USDA Zones where it is best grown in organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Smaller fruits may contain about 65 seeds, while large ones can hold as many as Knuth Couroupita antillana Miers Couroupita froesii R.

Some trees flower profusely until the entire trunk is covered with racemes. Close-up of flower Photograph by: An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region. Old trees often have the lower parts of their trunks completely covered with dangling flower racemes and fruits.

Fruits that remain whole may be broken open by animals such as pecarries. Each individual flower blooms for only one day. Fruits hanging from trunk Photograph by: The seeds are covered with trichomes which may protect them as they pass through the animals’ digestive systems.

Couroupita guianensis – Cannon Ball Tree

Dried rind of the fruit Photograph by: New York Botanical Garden. Now containing plants.

It is primarily native to rainforests in the Guianas French Guiana, Suriname and Guyana in northeastern South America, but has been widely planted in a number of different tropical to semi-tropical areas around the world. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.


Couroupita guianensis – Wikipedia

Each fruit contains seeds which are embedded in an ill-smelling, soft red pulp which turns bluish-green when exposed to guianenais. Retrieved from ” https: Couratari pedicellaris Rizzini Couroupita acreensis R. How many fingers does the typical human have? Because of this, the sal tree is revered by many Buddhist people around the world.

Leaves are alternate or in apical whorls. Many animals feed on the pulp and seeds, including peccaries, the pacaand domestic chickens and pigs. Fruit Gardening Vegetable Gardening.

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Antimicrobial, antimycobacterial and antibiofilm properties of Couroupita guianensis Aubl. One tree can hold as many as flowers per day.

The flowers are strongly scented, and are especially fragrant at night [8] and in the early morning.