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What makes these texts relevant to this study is rozenmahcer continuous return to the rhetoric surrounding the gaucho and use as a platform for social critique. Irony adds complexity to cagecita literary figure and allows the gaucho to cross ideological boundaries between civilization and barbarism. A million men who had never known the benefit of democracy. He understood that the gaucho had been rewritten previously and existed more as a fluid literary creature than something preserved in a historical mold.

There were other writers rethinking Peronism in much the same way Rozenmacher had done.

It is within the context of fear of invasion and the polarizing effects of a civilization vs. Many writers and cultural critics revised historic accounts and recreated national personalities in order to promote autochthony and the gaucho continued to be a fundamental part of that dialogue.

Germán Rozenmacher – Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

They decide to take their quarrel to the street and settle their disagreement with violence. This voice could be the voice of an Argentine imaginary that depends on the Pampa and its culture for its identity in life and death. These songs demonstrate reverence for the cultural icon and his continued national influence at the popular level Cqbecita Skip to main content. The author parodies nationalist belief in finding an authentic origin on the Pampas.

They hold the upkeep of the house above all else, including relationships and family. Rozenmacher achieved fame with his collection cabeciha stories Cabecita negrawhich examines the influence of Peronism on Argentine society in a variety of innovative and interesting settings.

The rhetoric of gaucho stoicism became both the problem and the resolution to matters of national identity. Once again gaucho culture and politics return to a contemporary context of Peronism.


This border area is where conflict occurs between liberal modernization and rural conservatism. Nationalism in the mid 20th century maintained strong protectionist ideals.


Learn more about Amazon Prime. One example of these critical works is the short story written under the pseudonym H. Biblioteca argentina fundamental, Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. The inclusion of the gaucho in the discourse surrounding Peronism is not limited to supporting the cause.

They sacked appointed government officials, dismantled union control of ports and deported anarchists and Communist leaders. He neyra his foe are both shunning their social practices as unacceptable for future generations Sarlo People did not choose Peronism, they were blindly led rzenmacher it. La Argentina en pedazos. He taught them that violence was not the answer to their problems: No matter which gaucho was present, he becomes a symbol of what Rosas-style nationalism can offer to twentieth century Argentina.

Nevertheless, the national imaginary differed greatly from one Argentine to the next. Ediciones; 1 edition August Language: Share your thoughts with other customers. Just as the gaucho was without a home on the Pampa, the compadrito was without a home in the city.

Germán Rozenmacher

With public discourse focusing on domestic investment of political and economic resources, issues of social justice and equality outweighed immigration in the public limelight. Texts such as those discussed in this chapter were important literary responses to nationalism, modernization and Peronist populism.

These marginalized descamisados demanded a voice in the discourse of national belonging and looked for that representation from an unconventional figure in the national polity Winston If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? While the compadrito may be the illegitimate literary son of the gaucho, there is a distinct difference between the gaucho and the compadrito.

Cabecita Negra: German Rozenmacher: : Books

He maintains a literary malleability and an aesthetic representation, much like Santos Vega. Once again the allegory of the river, las orillas and the detrital material found therein become important rhetorical devices to both define and describe the gaucho and national sociopolitical rhetoric. Would you like to tell us about a lower price? While he reached for a French counterpart in naming his followers, he also chose a term that reflects the literary representation of the gaucho.


Both have faces, described in some detail and both are active participants within the urban social sphere.

The nineteenth century literary representation of the gaucho as an independent nomad carries over into the urban space of the compadrito. It is clear that the play reflects many aspects of his own life: Liberal elites began to come to terms with Peronism as the country experienced a crisis of liberal democracy in which elected governments were displaced by military dictatorships. While the working classes united under ever-growing labor unions, the political leadership looked to rebrand themselves under multiple forms of nationalism against the oligarchy and rely upon revised historical accounts to back up their protectionist political agendas Spektorowski Carretero lists page upon page of tangos, milongas and waltzes, with names referring to the gaucho, his national value and enigmatic character.

He emphasized the central role gauchos played in maintaining a discourse of national identity from a nationalist perspective. His works have stood the test of time and found their place in the Argentine literary canon of the 20 th century. While the cabecita negra was part of the working class, he was also generally a supporter of Peronist populism.

The old working class consisted of European immigrants who were formed in socialist, communist or anarchist traditions and who maintained an active ideological participation in national politics. Argentina tried to maintain neutrality during World War I in order to retain strong commercial ties with some of its biggest trade partners.

Borges plays a perverse game with the idea of borders and shows that it is not just one street that separates rural from urban, but a much larger area—both spatial and ideological—that separate the center from the periphery. In doing so, he has repeatedly turned to the ideas and symbols offered him by the literary, historical, and individual experience of his country […].