On 11 January the British Empire went to war with the independent kingdom of Zululand. The British anticipated a swift and decisive victory, placing great. British Fortifications in Zululand by Ian Knight, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. Author: Ian Knight, Illustrator: Adam Hook About this book: On 11 January the British Empire went to war with the independent kingdom of Zululand.

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The perimeter consi ted of two concentric circles of trenches, the earth from the outer trench being piled up on the outside to provide a raised glacis. The Eshowe Relief Column advances. Chelmsford turned over command to Wolseley on 15 July at the fort at St. Description Throughout the Anglo-Zulu zululznd, the British fortified almost every position they occupied in Zululand, from permanent column depots to temporary halts on the lines of communication.

Battle of Ulundi – Wikipedia

Over the following montha number of small redoubts were added along the ridge a few hundred yards west of Fort Pearson, to protect the sprawling concentrations of troops and transport which passed through the area as the war progressed. Alexa Actionable Analytics for the Web.

This reqUired less manoueverability on the part of each wagon; the sides of the laagers were marked out with stakes, and the drivers simply parked their wagons at an angle next to each other along the line. Six-feet-high in places, this natural feature became a formidable rampart when topped with even a low barricade. By this stage, further bodies of Zulus, coming up behind, were su ked into the battle.

On the morning of the 22nd there were over 30 wagon loads of such supplies, waiting for the wagons to return from Britishh to collect them.

British Fortifications in Zululand – Ian Knight – Google Books

Army standing orders laid down that companies were never to be broken up into detachments, so the least rortifications in any one case had to be one company. Defenses of Bermuda Terrance McGovern. The zululanv of the entire invasion force is given as a total of 16, for the five columns: Following the conclusion of the Anglo-Zulu War, Bishop Colenso interceded on behalf of Cetshwayo with the British government and succeeded in getting him released from Robben Island and returned to Zululand in Still hoping for an end to hostilities, King Cetshwayo brktish from attacking the extended and vulnerable supply lines, consequently the British advance was unopposed.


University of Natal Press. These were intended to prevent any enemy fire that passed over the outer walls from raking the interior, or striking the backs of the men defending the ramparts on the far side.

The trenches are still clearly visible; a motorway bridge was then under construction, spanning the Thukela where a pont had once ferried Pearson’s column across the Thukela. Whilst Wynne was bbritish not to achieve the fame accorded hi fellow Engineer Lt. The British forces were dispersed around Zululand in the hunt for Cetshwayo, burning numerous kraals in a vain attempt to get his Zulu subjects to give him up [19] and fighting the final small battle to defeat the remaining hostile battalions.

The church zuluuland on the right – note the main entrance, left.

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The first two incidents related to the flight into Natal of two wives of Sihayo kaXonga and their subsequent seizure and execution by his brother and sons and were described thus:. Fortunately, it has been possible through consultation of contemporary descriptions and maps, and with the aid of aerial photographs and local lore to locate the sites of all the more substantial British fieldworks in Zululand.

When no attack had developed by the 24th, Bray decided to move his position to a better defensive site, a stony knoll on the far side of the road. The mission bell was rung to signify an alarm.

Battle of Ulundi

He directed them to avoid killing any of the invaders other than the regular British soldiers in their red coats.

To the defenders’ disappointment, Chelmsford had already decided not to hold the post; it was too far advanced and too exposed to serve as a forward base for his planned new offensive. That evening the garrison heard the sound of an explo ion, and thereafter the Zulu refrained from pulling up Wynne’s stake.

Over the next few days, the garrison worked with renewed determination, although interrupted by occasional false alarms, which sent the men scrambling to ‘fall in’, trampling Wynne’s careful profiles and half-completed ramparts as they went.

Thus one month after the British invasion, only their left flank column remained militarily effective, and it was too weak to conduct a campaign alone. Note the height of the ramparts. In late he 4 Most defensive structures erected by the Natal administration for the protection of the white settler community – generally known as laagers – consisted of simple oblong fortS made from dry stone with one or more projecting bastions to provide flanking fire, and sometimes incorporating civilian buildings.


There, the main work is a pentagon, on one side of which another, but considerably lower pentagon, commanded by the parapet of the main fort, was constructed for the Livestock. One column – the 1st Division – advanced up the coast, suppressing local resistance, while a new coiumn – the 2nd Division – advanced in tandem with Wood’s old column from the north.

The Zulu army reached the area near Khambula on 28 March, and began the struggle with an unexpected victory. This resulted in numerous deaths, and the fleeing of thousands of refugees into neighbouring areas, including the British-controlled Natal.

South African Military History Society. I Column decides to hold Eshowe. Pearson had held out for 72 days; the fact that, during that time, the Zulu had never once attempted to storm the post was in itself a tribute to Wynne’s engineering skills.

Gun platforms were built at the angles to allow the column’s artillery – including a Gatling gun, manned by the aval Brigade – to fire over the ramparts.

Troy BC Nic Fields. He lives in Sussex, UK. Retrieved from ” https: This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.

In all three companies were raised under European commanders, their strength varying between 80 and men. At Fort Eshowe, the existing buildings of the Mission dictated that the redoubt be built around them, fortifcations if the perimeter of yards were thought to be strictly too large for the garrison of 1, men to hold Cetshwayo’s party who now became known as the Usuthu suffered severely at the hands of the two chiefs, who were aided by a band of white zululane.

Home Contact Us Help Free delivery worldwide. Attempts to repeat the success of the firing of the hospital roof were thwarted by the defenders of the storehouse loopholes, who shot down Zulus with burning grass attached to their spears as they approached.