Index. ▫Jain Agam (Canonical) Literature ƒ Definition ƒ Classification ƒ Listings of Sutras ƒ Summary of Agams by Jainsects ƒ History of Preservation ƒ Agam. The Agama scriptures have been composed by Lord Tirthankaras by way of their meanings, whereas by ‘Sutra’ they have been composed by Lord Gandharas. Phone:: +91 22 1. ĀGAMA – AN INTRODUCTION (English): This booklet provides a brief summary of each Āgama with a few key sutras highlighted.
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Agamas are texts of Jainism based on the discourses of the tirthankara. They relate to the conduct and behavior of monks and nuns. It provides the rule of conduct, punishment, and repentance for ascetics.
It also explains how they can repent for their sins and mistakes.
These texts are the holy scriptures of the Jain religion. Agam or Canonical Literature Agam Sutras Agam literature consists of many texts, which are the sacred books of the Jain religion.
This agam describes the Sun, the planets and the associated mathematics regarding their motion. These scriptures are said to have contained the most comprehensive and accurate description of every branch of learning that one needs to know.
Jain Agama Literature
Hence, the Jain religion does not have one sacred book like the Bible or Koran, but it has many books compiled by Gandharas and Srut-kevalis during years after Lord Mahavir’s nirvan death. This agam contains prayers to the four benevolent beings: The Jains have used several languages at different times and in different regions of India. Differences also exist among all three Swetambar Jain sects in their acceptance of the validity of the documented Jain scriptures Agam Sutras and literature.
They are autras in the Ardha-magadhi Prakrit language. They consist of 12 texts that were originally compiled by immediate sutrax of Lord Mahavir known as Ganadhars, who possessed absolute knowledge of the soul or keval-jnan.
Appendix – Summary of Swetambar Jain Agams: It explains the magnitude of pain one has to suffer if he or she breaks the fourth vow chastity. Under such circumstances they could not preserve the entire canonical literature. Monk Keshi was the Ganadhara of Lord Parshvanath. This agam describes the method of concentrated meditation Dhyana that one should observe through the description of Radhavedha.
This anuyoga consists of the following texts which contain principles of observances, conduct, behavior, and like literature. The description which is found in the other Jain Sutras relating to Drashtivada indicates that this Ang-agam was the largest of all Agam Sutras.
It also defines the acceptable conduct of monks and nuns. The scriptures which are essential for monks and nuns to study in the early stages of their ascetic life are called Mool-sutras. Part of a series on. The Digambar Jain sect also believes that the remaining eleven Ang-agams were gradually lost.
These scriptures are known as Jain Agam or Agam Sutras. This agam describes the names, positions, and residences of Devas angels that live in heaven. It explains the magnitude of pain one has to suffer if he or she breaks the fourth vow chastity.
This text is very useful in understanding the mode of Lord Mahavir’s religious preaching. Upasaka Dashanga Sutra Uvasagdasao: Among Ang-agams, Purvas were the oldest sacred texts. After his death, the king was born as a deva in heaven. These scriptures were written by great Acharyas scholars from to AD.
The subject matter described in the Chhed-sutras is for ascetics and not for lay people. In fact, a significant number of Agam sutras were already forgotten and lost after the famine.
It also provides information on ancient kings. It consists of the following texts which contain geography, mathematics, astronomy, astrology, and like literature. Also, during the course of time many learned acharyas elder monks compiled commentaries on the various subjects of the Agam literature.
They concluded that after the famine, the entire Jain canonical literature Ang and Angbayha Agam Sutras became extinct. Diwali Mahavir Jayanti Paryushana Samvatsari. Prolegomena to Prakritica et Jainica. During the course of time, it became extremely difficult to keep memorizing the entire Jain literature Agam sutras and Commentary literature compiled by the many scholars of the past and present.
Ethics of Jainism Sallekhana. This agam explains the code of conduct of the ten lay followers Shravaks of Lord Mahavir.
Jain literature – Wikipedia
This agam has the same place in Jain literature as the Dhammapada in Buddhism and the Geeta in the Hindu religion. Agama is a Sanskrit word which signifies the ‘coming’ of a body of doctrine by means of transmission through a lineage of authoritative teachers.
It is the largest of the eleven Ang-agams. Later, when the Jain congregation relaxed the vow of non-possession with regards to religious scriptures for ascetics, they had already forgotten much of the oldest canonical literature such as fourteen Purva Agams and the rest were polluted with modifications and errors.